As a nursing student, you must learn several skills, such as nursing diagnosis and care plan. That's why our article today explores imbalanced nutrition nursing diagnosis. In case you need help writing a nursing diagnosis, place an order for our services.
Nursing diagnosis is practiced by nurses to identify the signs and symptoms of a condition and make interventions for the patient. However, physicians are the one who identifies a condition and gives definitive treatment. So, before the medical diagnosis or after, a nurse will help a patient's situation become bearable, thus improving their quality of life.
Nutritional imbalance can be caused by the inability of the body to absorb nutrients from food or having fewer nutrients in food, that is, a poor diet. So, your diet can have either more or fewer nutrients, thus causing an imbalance. High and low nutrients lead to unpleasant side effects and conditions that can cause severe diseases.
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Some conditions that may arise from imbalanced nutrition include night blindness, anemia, obesity, and weak bones and muscles.
There are two forms of imbalanced nutrition that we are going to discuss in this article; less than the body requirements and more than the body requirements. Under each, we will handle the features, related factors, outcomes, nursing assessment, and interventions.
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Your body requires the right type and amount of nutrients to function correctly. So, when your body's metabolic and nutritional demands are not sufficiently supplied, it's less than body requirements. This situation occurs when the body cannot ingest, digest or absorb nutrients in the right amount to fulfill its nutritional requirements.
To identify imbalanced nutrition for less than the body requirements, then you need to understand the following characteristics:
As a nurse, you must understand the related factors to imbalanced nutrition diagnosis. If you learn these factors, you will implement evidence-based practice for nutritional imbalance. If you are working on an evidence-based practice essay on any condition, contact our nursing experts for assistance.
These related factors are classified as follows:
When your body gets more nutrients than needed, it’s also an imbalanced nutrition. The following are the characteristics of a patient with this condition:
Some of the agents leading to excessive uptake of nutrients include:
After encountering a patient with a nutritional imbalance disorder, you should create goals for the nursing care plan. These outcomes will help the patient attain better health and stability. These goals that you should set include:
That summarizes imbalanced nutrition nursing diagnoses for less and excess nutrients. If you need an essay on imbalanced nutrition, place an order for our services. We also offer similar essays, like a nursing diagnosis for pneumonia.
Before undertaking any assessment, you should gather the entire patient’s information on nutritional status. Understand all the factors contributing to the patient's inadequate or excessive nutrient intake. With these details, it’s you can now consider the following assessments:
Note the patient's dietary intake, eating frequencies, food preference, and if there are any current changes in weight and appetite. You can learn the nutrition pattern of your patient by asking about the quality and quantity of meals, snacking habits, and any restrictions they may have.
Take the patient's height, weight, and body mass index (BMI). Calculating the client's BMI helps you assess their nutritional status and monitor occurring changes. Again, you identify the best dietary interventions that will apply to the patient.
This Procedure means assessing the fat proportion to the fat-free mass in a patient’s body. You can use techniques like skinfold thickness or bioelectrical impedance analysis. The outcome of these procedures will help you identify lean body mass and fat distribution, which will be a sign of excess fats or malnutrition.
This test deals with assessing the signs of malnutrition or excess nutrients. Some signs of insufficient nutrient uptake include hair loss, oral ulcers, edema, brittle nails, and muscle wasting.
There are various lab tests that you can request to help you identify the nutrition imbalance condition. These tests are re-albumin, hematocrit, vitamin levels, electrolytes, blood glucose, and vitamin levels. The above tests will reveal the specific nutrient deficiency in your patient.
Collect information about the patient's dietary intake using a 24-hour recall, food diary, or food frequency questionnaire. This data review of the patient will assist in identifying the nutrient gaps and patterns.
We learned that one related factor to nutritional imbalance is psychosocial issues. So, as a nurse, find out the socioeconomic, cultural beliefs, mental health, and the stressors that may be affecting the client's nutrition. Understand how these factors influence appetite, food choices, and overall nutrition balance. Additionally, mental health disorders like stress and depression can affect ones eating behaviors and appetite.
Find out if the patient's condition may affect their nutritional status. Review their medical history, recent surgery, and chronic illnesses. Again, evaluate their medications as some drugs can affect nutrient absorption.
Check out for any oral illness, such as dental carries or difficulty chewing or swallowing. If one has any oral health issues, it may affect their nutrient uptake and cause imbalanced nutrition.
After identifying the nutritional condition that the patient has, then is best to empower them with information and also address the causing factors.
Talking of a care plan, we can help you curate an impressive nursing care plan for your course. Again, you can read how to write a nursing care plan in our article.
To understand the nutritional imbalance nursing diagnosis, assessments, and intervention, below is a summary of the facts in a table:
Less than the body requirements
-Loss of mobility
-Low serum albumin
-Dry and brittle hair
-Lack of appetite
-High metabolic needs
-Take nutritional history
- Lab tests
- Medical history
- Body composition analysis
-Oral cavity assessment
-Help patients to eat
-Handle swallowing difficulties
- Addressing psychosocial factors
-Lack of exercise
-Increased body weight
-Lack of nutritional knowledge
-Living inactive life
-Body composition analysis
-Take a medical history
- Working with a dietician
-Monitoring nutritional status
-Creating an exercise plan
Table: Nutritional imbalance summary of less and excess nutrients.
Some people are more prone to suffer imbalanced nutrition than body requirements due to their lifestyles. This unique population includes:
If you are dealing with an elderly patient with an imbalanced nutrition diagnosis, you may have to assess depression nursing diagnosis or altered mental status nursing diagnosis. These are common psychological-related factors that will lead to imbalanced nutrition in an older adult.
When you diagnose correctly, your patient will recover quickly from nutritional disorders. So before you diagnose, ensure you understand the condition characteristics. As we discussed in the other articles, the risk for bleeding nursing diagnosis, there are two types of diagnosis, medical and nursing. An accurate nursing diagnosis will lead to the best care plan for the patient, whether an adult, child, elderly, or individuals with underlying conditions.
Nutrition means how your body absorbs nutrients, the diet, and its relationship with mental and physical health conditions. The imbalanced nutrition nursing diagnosis occurs in two ways; less than the body requirements and excess nutrients.
A patient can take insufficient nutrients due to stress, health conditions, financial constraints, and ignorance. Also, one can suffer from taking excess nutrients, leading to unhealthy conditions.
Our article gives the facts you need for imbalanced nutrition nursing diagnosis, create and heed the best care plan. If you need help in writing an imbalanced nutrition nursing diagnosis essay, care plans, and other nursing tasks, place an order for our services.
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