American Revolution Summary - Causes, Impacts, and Outcome

American Revolution Summary


American Revolution Summary

You may be required to write an American Revolution summary, and you aren't sure where to start. Don't bother anymore because this guide will sort you out. We will explain the American Revolution's causes, timelines, and impacts. We also highlight the common American Revolution essay topics you can encounter. Therefore, read this article to get all the American Revolution summary details.

What is the American Revolution?

The American Revolution was a political and military strife between Americans and British. It occurred after Britain's North American colonies rejected its imperial. These protests started in objection to taxes levied. The disagreements grew, and they led to open rebellions. The Revolution led to independence and formed the United States of America. Other impacts were global, economic, individual, and slavery issues.

Was the American Revolution justified? Is there an alternative approach that could have addressed American slavery? Well, let's explore these questions through the summary of the American Revolution. If you have more questions on the American Revolution summary of students, hire our affordable homework help.

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What are the Benefits of the American Revolution to American History & Politics Students?

The American Revolution is rich in content. It explores the country's history and political and social issues. As a student, it's crucial you understand the American Revolution to:

  • Learn the fundamental principles of the United States. Like democracy, human rights, self-government, and the drafting of constitution
  • Appreciate the freedom and independence. You will understand the struggle for freedom and appreciate the fighters.
  • Enhances critical thinking and analytical skills. You learn to examine and analyze the causes and impacts of the American Revolution.
  • Help in civic engagement as you relate the historical events to citizenship role.
  • Promotes development of research and writing skills. As you analyze American Revolution history, you develop research skills.

Which Challenges Do Students Encounter in Studying the American Revolution?

While researching the American Revolution, students face the following challenges:

  • Complex events that are tricky to understand, for example, a series of battles
  • Using primary sources for analysis becomes challenging due to language or illegible handwriting. For example, letters and diaries.
  • Understanding the global context of the American Revolution, such as diplomats' efforts
  • Overcome biases when studying the history of the American Revolution
  • Understanding the diverse perspectives of the American Revolution and their role. For example, loyalists, Native Americans, patriots, etc.
  • Essay writing and structuring related to the American Revolution

What are the Resources for Studying the American Revolution?

These tools can help you study the American Revolution:

  • A documentary series like PBS's "The Revolution."
  • Online archives like the Library of Congress and National Archives are available. They offer access to primary source materials that are resourceful.
  • Podcasts if you enjoy listening to history content. For instance, explore "The American Revolution Podcast."
  • Museum and exhibits dedicated to the American Revolution literature. An example is the Museum of the American Revolution in Philadelphia. To understand the American Revolution literature, check our literature homework help.
  • Educational websites will offer learning materials.
  • Interactive maps and timelines will help you understand the events and locations.

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What Factors Led to the American Revolution?

The American Revolution was caused by various political, economic, and social issues. Below are the factors that led to this Revolution:

  1. The British increased their power over the colonial countries. The British government started exercising total control over the colonial countries. British enforced laws denying their freedom, making the colonial people rebel. Some of these laws include the Quartering Acts and the Stamp Act. 
  2. Taxation without representation. The Americans complained about the heavy taxes imposed by the British. They also lacked parliament representation. This led to protests on the streets. Americans threw tea into Boston Harbor and rioted against the Tea Act.   
  3. Restrictions on trade. The colonial administration wanted to acquire more wealth from Americans. They formed some laws, such as the Navigation Acts, denying Americans the right to trade. Goods imported and exported from the colonies were carried by British and sold by their merchants.
  4. Ideological differences. Both colonists and the British government had different ideas about the administration. Colonists believed in a self–government, enlightenment, and individual liberty. British firmly believed in supremacy and monarchy.
  5. The French and Indian War: The British spent a lot of money funding the French and Indian War so that they could win. This battle caused a strain on their finances, and the colonies felt the burden. The British administration imposed new taxes on the colonies to solve the financial crisis.
  6. Colonial discontent with the British rule. Colonists increasingly felt that the British government was infringing their rights. Tension started rising due to the heavy military presence, dissatisfaction, and martial law.
  7.  The formation of colonial assemblies that give colonists a sense of identity. These committees helped coordinate resistance efforts, air grievances, and mobilize against British policies.
  8. Impact of revolutionary literature and figure. Influential writings circulated widely, enlightening people on independence. Examples of such literature include Thomas Paine's "Common Sense." Leaders like Samuel Adams and Patrick Henry helped create resistance against British rule. They advocated for colonial rights and inspired people to move for independence.

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What are the Timelines of the American Revolution?

  • 1765: The Stamp Act was passed, and internal taxes were imposed on newspapers and documents. This act made the colonies protest. They also held a representative meeting at the Stamp Act Congress. 
  • 1767: Townshend Acts Townshend Acts that imposed duties on imported items to America
  • 1770: Mass murder in Boston occurred, where British soldiers killed 300-400 people. The death occurred as the soldiers tried to disperse the protesting crowd.
  • 1773: The Boston Tea Party war occurred. Colonists protested against the Tea Act and dumped tea into Boston Harbor. This protest involved the Sons of Liberty against the Tea Act. It allowed a British East Indian entity to sell products in America tax-free.
  • 1775: The Lexington and Concord battle erupted. It's also called the Shot Heard 'Round the World.' It was the first military engagement, marking the beginning of the American Revolutionary War. The battles were fought in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, in Lexington and Concord towns.
  • 1776: The Continental Convention confirmed independence on July 2. On July 4, it adopted the Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson. This document affirmed the American colonies under British authority were free.
  • 1777: The British forces started depleting until Burgoyne surrendered at Saratoga, New York. This battle led to a significant victory for the Continental Army and became a turning point. 
  • 1778: The United States secured an alliance with France and gained power over the British. They received critical military and financial assistance.
  • 1781: Washington Army defeated British forces in Yorktown. The Continental Army combined troops that overwhelmed their enemies. This made Cornwallis General surrender his army of 7000 men in October 1781.
  • 1783: The Peace of Paris Treaty resolved all the battles formally. The British recognized the United States' independence with the Mississippi River's boundaries. However, they retained Canada. The United States thus became a sovereign nation and started enjoying its ideologies and freedom.

What are the Outcomes of the American Revolution?

The American Revolution affected the US and shaped history in many ways. The following are a few consequences of the American Revolution:

  1. Independence – the colonists won the battles between the Continental Army and the British. They started electing the officials, forming the First Continental Congress, which brought unity. Independence was declared in the Second Continental Congress and became a free nation.
  1. Democracy– the new government of the United States differed from the British administration. They wanted a government that listened to the people's views and not a dictatorship from a king. This ideology brought democracy to the United States, and people elected their leaders.
  1.  Individual rights – the new government helped citizens regain their rights. They enjoyed the freedom of communication, worship, and justice in prosecution. This move was the opposite of what happened during the British administration, where their rights were denied.
  2. Slavery – it's a legal ecosystem of treating people as property. Slavery existed in Northern America even after the Revolutionary War. This situation continued in North and South America until the early 19th Century.
  3.  Global impact – the American Revolution War and the struggle for independence inspired many nations. This led to other anti-colonial movements around the globe. These nations are Haitian, Latin American, Asia, and Africa.
  4. Economic impact – the United States government faced economic challenges before picking up. They had huge debts that had accrued during the Revolutionary War. However, the situation didn't last long with freedom and enlightenment. People had the freedom to trade, leading to industrialization.
  5. Political changes – the British loyalists felt this impact after independence and moved out. Around 20% of the American population, including governors, left their colonies and settled in Canada. Other Americans didn't experience radical changes except promoting people's rights. The loyalists who were left behind, and mostly the spies, were mistreated. Some became victims of violence, shunned by neighbors, or arrested and executed.
  6. People could access education – people got the privilege to learn irrespective of their status. This impact occurred around the 18th to early 19th centuries. The American people adopted a mantra, "Career open to work."
  7. End of the first British Empire – the British government left America after the Revolution. The separation from their colonies marked the end of the 1st British Empire and gave rise to the 2nd Empire.
  8. France got into a financial crisis – France gave America financial and military assistance for them to take revenge on the British. This financial help became costly for them, accumulating debts and causing a financial crisis. This bankruptcy situation pushed France to Revolution.

Some social aspects emerge during and after the Revolutionary War: leadership and governance. If you are given an essay to compare the leadership and governance between the British and The New United States, don't worry; we can help.

Who were the Key American leaders during the American Revolution?

We have a list of the most significant leaders of the American Revolution and their roles:

  1. George Washington became the United States' first president after the Revolutionary War. George also became the commander-in-chief of the American forces during the Revolutionary War.
  2. Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence document. Thomas served as the third United States president. He was also the first secretary of state during George Washington's reign. Thomas also served as vice president to John Adams.
  3. Benjamin Franklin was a writer, scientist, and statesman. He secured French support for the American Revolution. He was the Second Continental Congress spokesman. Additionally, he served as a Declaration of Independence committee member.
  4. John Adams – was a lawyer and statesman who served as a delegate to the Continental Congress. Additionally, he took the role of the second president United States’ second President.
  5. Paul Revere – Paul Revere was a silversmith and patriot for the Continental forces. He warned the colonists that British troops were coming.
  6. Samuel Adams – was a political organizer and Sons of Liberty leader, a movement that opposed British authority. He helped the colonists immensely during the American Revolution.
  7. Patrick Henry – was a lawyer and statesman who looked forward to American independence.

These leaders and others played a significant role in the political history of Americans. Some supported the British Army, while others stood firm for their fellow Americans.

Which are the Famous American Revolution Battles?

  • Powder Alarm – occurred in Massachusetts in September 1774 after the withdrawal of military supplies.
  • The Concord & Lexington War – occurred on April 19, 1775. This war was the first American Revolution war. The battle was fought in Massachusetts between British troops and colonial militia.
  •  The Bunker Hill battle – happened on June 17, 1775. The War occurred in Boston, and the British army got the victory. However, the colonists demonstrated they could put up an intense fight.
  • Saratoga battle – it took place from September 19 and October 7, 1777. This battle was in New York and became a turning point for the Americans. The War convinced the French to support the American mission, which made the Continental Army succeed.
  • Trenton war – erupted on December 26, 1776. It was a victorious battle for the Continental Army in New Jersey.
  • Yorktown clash – it occurred between September 28 – October 19, 1781. It was the final Revolutionary War in Virginia. This battle brought victory for the colonists and made the British forces surrender.

Why Did the Americans Win the War?

Some of the factors that made Americans to defeat Britain include:

  • They fought in their land; thus, they believed in a common cause
  • Americans were familiar with their country, and they were able to ambush the Britain
  • They used unique military and fighting tactics that were unfamiliar to Britain
  • Most countries supported Americans. For instance, the French helped them win the Yorktown War. Spain also provided financial support to Americans who launched an attack on the British in the south.

Which are the Common American Revolution Essay Topics?

  1. Describe the causes of the American Revolution. It's a topic that describes the factors that caused it. You can highlight the political, economic, and social factors outlined above.
  2. Describe the key figures in the American Revolution and their roles. You should focus on the significant leaders who led the American rebellion. For instance, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin.
  3. Summarize the significant Revolutionary battles. Explore the wars, where they occurred, and the aftermath.
  4. Describe the role of religion in developing colonial society between 1600 and the American Revolution.
  5. Why was slavery integrated into colonial American society and economics?
  6. Describe the Stamp Act. Explain why the tax was introduced, its implementation, and its opposition.

These topics touch on the social structure of people in terms of organization, behavior, economy, religion, and government. If you need help in tackling such aspects in the essay topics,

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the American Revolution?

This conflict was between the thirteen British colonies in North America and Great Britain. The War occurred between 1765 and 1783, leading to several battles where thousands of people were killed. The Americans finally achieved victory and became a sovereign nation.

2. What Led to the American Revolution?

Several factors caused the Revolutionary War, including political, economic, and social factors.

  • The French and Indian War
  • Restrictions on trade
  • Heavy taxation without parliamentary representation
  • Differences in beliefs and ideas

3. Give the Major Benefits of the American Revolution.

This Revolution led to several benefits for the Americans:

  • This led to the growth of independence for the United States
  • Established democracy for the Americans
  • Freedom of individual rights
  • Inspired other colonists around the world to form independence movements

4. How did the American Revolution Affect Britain?

After the Revolutionary War, the Britons:

  • Lost 13 American colonies after they surrendered the fight
  • Britain formed a second British Empire, which became the largest in history  

5. When did the American Revolution End?

The American Revolution ended on September 3, 1783, after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

6. Who Were the Patriots and Loyalists?

Patriots were the colonists living in the British North Colonies and rebelled against the authority. These people were also called revolutionaries, continentals, colonials, rebels, or Yankees. The loyalists, also called Royalists, King's men, or Tories, remained faithful to the British administration.

In a Nut-Shell

Can you write an American Revolution essay? Following the key details in this guide, you should draft an American Revolution paper. Your essay should have an introduction highlighting the background information about the War. The body should discuss the causes, impacts, and a summary of the battles, timelines, and the people involved. Finally, you should end with an overview of the critical details of the Latin American Revolution summary and a call to action.

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