One of the fiercest debates in the medical field is the legalization of medical marijuana. The federal government, states, health bodies, doctors, and the general public have been on each other’s necks due to this debate. And what has been the result? Over two-thirds of the states in the USA have passed policies that legalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Should the other states follow suit? This article will attempt to answer this question. However, it will first give the background information about medical marijuana, like what it is, before stating why medical marijuana should be legal. Opponents of medical marijuana legalization mainly claim that legalizing this controversial plant will increase its public use, resulting in more car accidents, and is immoral in all ways. This paper will debunk these claims using expert statements and explain why legalizing medical marijuana may lead to several benefits.
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Medical marijuana is the marijuana plant (cannabis) or its components utilized to treat or manage the symptoms of specific health conditions. It is also termed medical cannabis.
The marijuana plant has tens of chemicals in it that are collectively termed cannabinoids. Each chemical tends to have a distinct impact on our bodies, with the most studied and used of them all being cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the main component in marijuana that leads to the “high” feeling when people smoke or eat the plant.
Many reasons exist that support the legalization of medical marijuana. Some of the key reasons are as follows.
Research on marijuana has proposed that the plant greatly helps in many medicinal purposes. Foremost, it can manage the conditions and symptoms listed below.
Cannabis can provide these health benefits mostly because of the cannabinoids – the active ingredients in marijuana. These compounds have the same features as some of our body’s chemicals that control pain, movement, memory, and appetite.
What Does The FDA Have to Say About Marijuana and Treating Health Issues?
The effectiveness of medical marijuana is attested by the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) policies. FDA has approved three medications made from marijuana: Epidiolex, dronabinol, and nabilone
A few years ago, studies were done on medical marijuana users to understand how this plant affects seizures in children. It was revealed that there was a dramatic drop in seizures. This led to the creation and mass production of Epidiolex, which was approved in 2018 after it was found to treat two rare and severe contributors to seizures; Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.
The other two FDA-approved cannabinoid medicines that treat vomiting and nausea from chemotherapy are nabilone (Cesamet) and dronabinol (Syndros, Marinol). These two were approved in 1985.
Medical marijuana is safer than many medications when it comes to treating pain. Patients who have used it state that the side effects are less than when using the commonly used traditional painkillers, mainly opioids (including oxycodone and morphine). In addition, patients resume their normal activities faster when they use medical marijuana than opioids.
Opioids are super-addictive and lethal if misused, capable of leading to death. In contrast, medical marijuana rarely leads to death when overdosed. Also, medical marijuana treats pain due to nerve issues and multiple sclerosis with minimal sedation effects compared to the other medicines used for these health issues, such as opiates, Lyrica, and Neurontin.
Another superiority of marijuana is that it manages pain in individuals with health problems such as GERD, ulcers, and kidney damage. In contrast, painkillers, like NSAIDs, cannot be used.
Many critics of medical marijuana legalization point out that permitting it will result in a surge of marijuana abuse, specifically among minors. The critics have a point because certain pieces of research have found this to be true. But this is not the case with all the studies; some say otherwise. Thus, it can be seen that the critics are leaning on the side that they see fit, as there is no conclusive evidence from research.
Studies that declare that legalizing it will not necessarily cause an increase in marijuana have Colorado and Florida to offer as evidence. Coastal Integrative Medicine notes that marijuana use did not rise in these two states after legalizing it for medical purposes. On the contrary, the opposite happened and was mainly achieved using effective education programs and regulations.
The other claim from opponents against the legalization is that the high usage of medical marijuana will result in many car accidents because of the “high” feeling brought by this plant when consumed. The THC component in marijuana brings about this feeling, and some cannabis types (mainly the CBD-dominant ones) have little to no THC. Individuals are used to consuming recreational purpose marijuana, so they think that all types of marijuana bring an excessively high feeling.
The three drugs approved by FDA are made from the CBD dominant strain; hence, they cause little to no effect on consciousness. In other words, critics need to underline this sentience; using FDA-approved medical marijuana does not increase car accidents more than other alternative medications.
Medical marijuana affects our consciousness the same way as the other traditional alternatives. So, critics should avoid blaming medical marijuana as the others (like opioids) have more severe side effects on our consciousness.
Marijuana dates back to 2900 BC when Emperor Fu discovered its medicinal potential in the Chinese empire. Two centuries later, the father of traditional Chinese medicine, Shen Nung, clearly highlighted the plant's healing properties. From this period to date, marijuana has been used to treat vast numbers of ailments.
Some important dates of marijuana to note, as highlighted by the University of Sydney, are as follows:
1841: Marijuana was introduced to the United States by William Brooke after a trip to India. Brooke explained the therapeutic uses of cannabis.
1898: Henry and Dunstan isolated cannabinol.
The 1940s: Todd and Adams isolated cannabidiol (CBD).
1970: Controlled Substance Act was enacted in the United States, which declared that marijuana has no therapeutic effects.
1996: California enforced the Compassionate Use Act that allowed the use of medical cannabis.
2012: Research showed CBD could manage schizophrenia symptoms.
2017: It was discovered that marijuana could decrease seizures in children with epilepsy.
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At the end of 2021, 37 states and the District of Columbia had legalized medical marijuana. Besides, many of the remaining states are in the process of creating bills that will allow the use of medical marijuana.
Conditions that may qualify you for medical marijuana treatment include the ones below, though it depends on your region.
Some of the states that have legalized medical marijuana are:
States that medical marijuana is still illegal include the following.
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Although many states have allowed the use of medical marijuana, federal laws still classify marijuana as an illegal drug. This means that law enforcers can arrest and prosecute doctors and patients for prescribing and using medical marijuana, albeit them leaving in a state that supports the use of this plant. I know this is confusing, but it is fact. Use these tips to avoid law enforcement encounters and ultimately being caught by them.
Although experts provide several reasons why medical marijuana should be legalized, there are certain limitations, mainly regarding the side effects of scientific evidence.
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The evidence provided in favor or against the legalization of marijuana is inconclusive. What do we mean by this?
Some studies support legalizing medical marijuana, while at the same time, some are against it. Some state that marijuana causes side effects on our bodies, while others state that there is no such thing. No definite conclusion can be reached as all arguments or claims have studies that back them and studies that oppose them.
Some studies state that cannabis can affect our bodies in the ways listed below. However, other pieces of research do not support these findings. You should thus use this information with a pinch of salt. The effects are:
It is difficult to declare whether cannabis should be legalized or not. It is because of the many pros and cons that revolve around the issue. Some pros are that cannabis is used to manage plenty of health conditions, it can boost a country’s economy, and some experts claim that making it illegal does not reduce consumption, among others. The cons are that some research points out that cannabis leads to health problems and that the plant is bad for the environment.
Although this article has focused on why marijuana should be legalized for medicinal purposes, there are cons to its legalization. Because of the complexity of this situation, we at the homework market are neutral on this issue. We neither support nor are against the legalization of medical marijuana or recreational marijuana. What we know and what we can guarantee you is that we offer top-notch essay writing services. Just place an order with us, and we will instantly write for you why marijuanas should be legal essay.
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